Published - Sat, 19 Mar 2022

What is Diabetes, its main symptoms, and causes?

What is Diabetes, its main symptoms, and causes?

Diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder that lasts for a lifetime. In this disease, the blood

glucose level of the body becomes very high. This could happen due to an insufficient amount

of insulin or body cells are unable to use and function properly with whatever insulin is present

in the body.

Effect Of Insulin On Glucose Metabolism

When we eat, our body gets glucose which our cell uses to give energy to the body. If there is

no insulin in the body, then they are not able to do their work properly as Insulin is essential

to transport glucose from the blood to the cells. If glucose is not taken up by cells, glucose

stays in the blood. The state of excess sugar or glucose in the blood is called High blood sugar

or hyperglycemia, which can prove to be harmful.

What are the Types of Diabetes?

If we talk about diabetes, then generally they are of 3 types1) Type 1 diabetes

2) Type-2 diabetes

3) Gestational Diabetes

What are the causes of diabetes?

When our body is not able to use the glucose or sugar present in the blood properly. Then the

state of hyperglycemia sets in resulting in Diabetes. Generally, the main causes of diabetes

can be-

 Lack of insulin

 History of pre-diabetes

 Family history of Diabetes

 Aging

 High cholesterol level

 Lack of physical activity/sedentary lifestyle

 Hormonal imbalance

 Poor eating habits

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Usually, the person with diabetes presents with symptoms such as:

 Excessive thirst

 Frequent urination

 Increased appetite

 Sudden increase or decrease in body weight

 Feeling tired

 Being irritable

 The frequent blurring of the eyes

 Wounds take a long time to heal

 Having a skin infection repeatedly

 More susceptible to having oral infections.

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